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Assessment 3

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Social Media is it a tool or a trap?

In just the last 15 years the use of social media has gone from a niche market to ubiquitous in modern society. Mark Zuckerberg launched thefacebook.com on February 4th, 2004 and by 2009 it was ranked as the most used social media-networking site online (Phillips, 2007). Initially aimed at collegiate types, in 2009 Facebook extended its services to anybody over the age of 13 around the globe (Amiritharajan,Karthik, Radhika, Rayappan,2014,p230). The social networking goliath is the second most frequented website on the planet and receives online traffic from approximately 900 users globally (Amiritharajan,Karthik, Radhika, Rayappan,2014). Social Media has become a fantastic communication tool, which enables a person to share their lives with friends and families but are the negatives starting to outweigh the positives? This essay will argue that the prevalence of social media in today’s society has a negative effect on the mental health of teenagers and young adults. Firstly it will identify the negative impacts of social media on o mental health, secondly it will identify its positives and lastly it will evaluate whether the cause for concern is warranted.

Mental health is an extremely important aspect of a person’s overall well -being.
Social media exposes adolescents to a host of mental health concerns, which include Facebook depression, addiction and cyber-bullying. Social media is a relatively new phenomenon and this is where a regular user of Facebook develops symptoms associated with depression (). Depression is a disorder that has an array of negative consequences and has a wide range of symptoms, which include a loss of interest in activities that a sufferer once found enjoyable, an overall cognitive, physical and emotional dissonance (Royal College of Psychiatrists, 2010,N.P). In relation to Facebook depression is fueled by a teens urge for acceptance that is so easy to find online, with the instant gratification provided by likes or comments on a post it isn’t hard to see how that instant reward can become enticing. http://allafrica.com/stories/201409260500.html

When social media validates a teen’s entire sense of self it can be a serious health concern. The skewing of reality that is a common practice on Facebook is also a major contributor to this new phenomenon. It allows people to project an image of themselves, which depicts the best aspects of their life and complete ignores the more mundane elements to. Whether it is posting pictures of a party that you weren’t invited to but all your friends were, watching people travel to exotic locations or seeing the perfect romance, it poorly effects teenagers by reinforcing the fallacy of depression that I am alone in my travails, that nobody else feels as bad as I do (Pediatrics Week, 2012,p129). A report undertaken by the University of Michigan asked a group of young adults who were Facebook users and owners of smart phones how they were feeling during different periods of the day. The results showed that if the user had recently used Facebook they were more prone to expressing feelings associated with depression (China Post, 2013). The link between depression and addiction is irrefutable and a desire to find happiness in substances that become addictive is a common pitfall for the depressed.

The thought of social media as a dangerous addiction attracts a lot of skepticism and the argument is that it trivializes the more dangerous addictions found in drugs and gambling. But the research is being done and evidence is appearing that suggests that Internet addiction has a similar effect on the brain as cocaine (Lin, Zhou, Du, Qin, Zhao, Xu, Lei, 2012,N.P). It adversely affects the brain’s white matter; this disrupts the neurological pathways responsible for emotions, decision-making and self-control. Although there is limited clinical evidence on social media in relation to it’s addictiveness, it is safe to assume that considering the overwhelming popularity of applications like Facebook online these addictions our inexorably interrelated. At the heart of all addictions is a compulsion that develops from the reward systems in the brain (Ross,Kincaid, 2010, NP) research from Harvard University has concluded that sharing personal information is intrinsically rewarding (Tamir, Mitchell, 2012).

The rise of anytime, anywhere communication has only heightened the likelihood of addiction for young people and in today’s digital age it can seem impossible to resist. Debra a self-confessed Facebook addict admits, “… even when I’m in class I have it open. It is totally addicting ”(Craig, 2009,p133). One of the main concerns relating to Internet addiction is the difficulty posed in effectively diagnosing and treating this affliction in young people. This is because the symptoms of addiction are considerably more difficult to recognize then with other addictions due to the personal nature of Facebook use, it is a challenge for concerned parents to monitor. The habitual use of Facebook is what eventually leads to full blown addiction, it becomes a part of your daily routine, it becomes the first thing you check when you’re on the computer and then it can get to a point where it becomes negative. You should be focusing on your assignments or schoolwork but you just unconsciously scroll up and down the news feed, like a mindless drone. The computerization of humanity has led to real world issues manifesting and exacerbating online, arguably most relevant to young people’s mental health today is bullying.

Cyber-bullying is a new issue teenagers are being faced with. It takes all the worst aspects of bullying and combines it with the immediacy of new communication technology. For somebody affected by this it can feel never-ending. The types of cyber -bullying used most frequently on social media websites like Facebook and its affiliate Instagram include posting malicious photos of a person without their consent, the “slap game” where a person is unknowingly recorded before randomly getting slapped and then the reaction is posted online. Undoubtedly the most common aspect being employed by bullies is posting hurtful comments on people’s photos or tagging them in an insulting way (http://bullying.about.com/od/Cyberbullying/fl/8-Ways-Kids-Are-Using-Instagram-to Bully.htm).

The effects cyber-bullying can have on a young person’s mental health and development has been well documented. One of the most alarming concerns is that most of the people doing these things online intend them as a joke. A report conducted by Jenifer Shapka , placed it at 95% of students who considered the majority of what was taking place on the internet as a joke(Corbett.,2013)The disconnect between how we are treating people online and the ability to gauge their reactions in real time is something that is leading to the culture of cyber-bullying. When it is not out of malice but is instead just a misunderstanding it is a great shame. Cyber-bullying and online victimization is a great concern for teenage girls in particular and causes a risk for suicidal thoughts and aggravates underlying mental health concerns (Bannik, Broeren,van de Looij –Jansen, Waart, Raat,2014). Being the victim of bullying can lead to depression, anxiety and body dysmorphia, these complaints can even manifest in physical ailments. That being said social media does not always have to be negative and there are ways in which it is benefiting young people’s mental health.

Social media allows adolescent’s and young adults to achieve many of the aims they have offline in cyberspace. It offers the ability to stay connected with friends and family while creating the chance to make new friends and develop their independence. The people most favorably affected by social media are teenagers with disabilities; it provides an opportunity for these people to develop their social skills (Holmquist, 2008). Affording young people who don’t have the capacity to socialize in a face-to-face setting the chance to have some sort of socialization can only be beneficial. The hope is that with the teenagers who are standoffish it breaks the ice and once they have been approached online it makes it easier for them to mingle in reality. “When teens communicate on Facebook or MySpace, the people they’re talking to don’t see the disability,” (Holmquist, 2008). These teenagers feel like only on Facebook they can get past the stigma attached to their disabilities and finally express their personalities.

When used effectively it can be very enriching and there are the health concerns associated with social media, just problems that humanity already had and will always have, these new websites just give them a different outlet. By having people addicted to Facebook, is that likely to keep them away from other more harmful addictions? Social media, like most technologies is only a tool. It can be harmful but with the proper use it can be an exceptional and extraordinary communication device. The use of Facebook does provide an enormous amount of mental health concerns for adolescents and young adults, for this reason it should be used with a degree of reservation. The effect it has on this group definitely warrants more research.

References

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2007/jul/25/media.newmediayoung adults.

• Rengarajan Amirtharajan, M. Sai Krishna Karthik, L. Radhika and J.B.B. Rayappan, 2014. Is Facebook-A Global Library?. Information Technology Journal, 13: 2027-2031.

• “Depression; Is Facebook Making Your Child Depressed?”, 2012, Pediatrics Week, , pp. 129.

• Royal College of Psychiatrists, National Library of Medicine & National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (Great Britain) 2010, Depression: the treatment and management of depression in adults, Royal College of Psychiatrists, London.

• Lin F, Zhou Y, Du Y, Qin L, Zhao Z, et al. (2012) Abnormal White Matter Integrity in Adolescents with Internet Addiction Disorder: A Tract-Based Spatial Statistics Study.

• Ross, D. 2010, What is addiction? Mit Press, Cambridge, MA.

• Watkins, S.C.(.C. 2009, The young and the digital: what the migration to social-network sites, games, and anytime, anywhere media means for our future, Beacon Press, Boston

• Corbett, N. 2013, Most cyber-bullying intended as joke, Maple Ridge, B.C.

• Holmquist, J, 2008, Social Networking Sites: Consider the Benefits, Concerns for Parents, University of Minnesota.


Week 6

This is my E-petition
E-PETITIONS CONFIRMATION

Thank you Mr Gill 

Your name has been added to the Open the Redland Bay Mental Health Facility E-Petition as specified below.

Please print this page if you require confirmation.

I commented on this post by Helen Razor http://dailyreview.crikey.com.au/at-least-the-games-industry-wins-in-abbotts-war-on-red-tape/11537#comment-46957. My comment was “Impeach Abbott”

Message to Barrack Obama

The importance of freedom on the internet cannot be mistaken. For a democracy to be truly effective you need a well informed populous, what better tool is their than the internet for the spreading of important information to large numbers. As Benjamin Franklin famously said Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety.”

Australian Government Clean Feed

The Australian government had plans to censor the Internet and the Labour government on New Years Eve, 2007, originally proposed it under the guise of protecting children. The arguments for this proposal were that it would limit access to adult content, internet users would be able to complain about sites they found offensive and that websites that promoted crime and terrorism would be blocked.

The arguments against far outnumbered and there was a huge public outcry. The majority of people felt like this was a huge invasion of our civil liberties and heralded a move towards a nanny state. Plans for Internet censorship have failed so far in Australia and I hope that remains the case.

The NBN 

NBN

The National Broadband Network in today’s technological age is an advent that would cement Australia’s place amongst the world leaders economically. The main benefit of the NBN is a faster Internet mode for all Australians. This style of Internet is particularly import considering how large are country is. It was originally proposed as a fiber to premises plan, which would be the most effective but due to costs the new government has claimed that a fiber-to-the-node system is better suited (Gregory, 2014). I feel this is a shame because it just seems like if it is not done as effectively as possible now, in the future it is going to just end up being replaced at higher cost.

Reference

Gregory, M, What the NBN cost- benefit review doesn’t tell you, http://www.businessspectator.com.au/, date accessed, 05/09/2014.

My local representative is Jane Prentice; my state representative is Campbell Newman and my federal representative is Teresa Gambaro.

Jane Prentice’s last speech was concerning three soldiers deaths from the Enoggera Barracks. I didn’t really have an opinion on it but I don’t agree with Australian involvement in Afghanistan.

I posted a comment on http://madelineparamor.wordpress.com/2014/09/05/week-six/comment-page-1/#comment-3 week 6 post and I just said that she was posting some good stuff.

 


Week 5

Burning Chrome was a very interesting story. To see how William Gibson imagined Cyberspace in 1982 was quite interesting. It was also where the term cyberspace was first used. This short story is one of the founding myths of the cyberpunk genre and it explored the world of hacking in a way that was relatively easy to follow, where he would described the characters Bobby Quine and Automatic Jack as “computer cowboys”. Describing it this way made it seem a lot more interesting then the reality of hacking, which can be hard to translate into a plot entertainingly.


Week 4

This is a timeline I made that represents important moments in the  personal computer’s history. It mainly focuses on it’s creation and the factors that contribute to it’s ubiquity in modern life. Here is the link. 

http://timeglider.com/t/32b632b7c7565098?min_zoom=1&max_zoom=100

Here are the references for the timeline. 

  • Abbate, J. 1999, “Getting small: a short history of the personal computer”, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 87, no. 9, pp. 1695-1698.

A Brief History of the Computer

Herman H. Goldstine

Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 121, No. 5 (Oct. 17, 1977), pp. 339-345

  • Lenton, D. 2001, Rebuilding the bombe, H.W. Wilson – Applied Science & Technology Abstracts.

Week Three

Which of Stephen Stockwell’s books are in the Griffith Library?
These are the Stephen Stockwell book’s currently in the Griffith Library.
• Isakhan, B., 1977 & Stockwell, S., 1954 2011, The secret history of democracy, Palgrave Macmillan Ltd, New York; Basingstoke.
• Stockwell, S.E. 2010, Rhetoric and Democracy: Deliberative Opportunities in Current Electoral Processes, VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.
• Stockwell, S., 1954 & Informit 2005, Political campaign strategy: doing democracy in the 21st century, Australian Scholarly Publishing, Melbourne.
• Stockwell, S., 1954 & Scott, P., 1961 2000, All-media guide to fair and cross-cultural reporting: for journalists, program makers and media students, Australian Key Centre for Cultural and Media Policy, Nathan, Qld.

Cite three academic references that may prove useful for writing an essay on “Alphaville”
• Brody, R., 1958 2008, Everything is cinema: the working life of Jean-Luc Godard, Metropolitan Books, New York.
• Buss, R. 1994, French film noir, Marion Boyars, New York; London.
• Meehan, P., 1948 2008, Tech-noir: the fusion of science fiction and film noir, McFarland, Jefferson, N.C.

What is a book that will assist you to find out about possible research methods to explore social media?

Wiley, J, 2010, The Handbook of Online and Social Media Research: Tools and
Techniques for Market Researchers.

What is the latest thinking on Internet addiction?

Since the rise in popularity of the Internet, professionals have been debating whether pathologic use should be classed as an addictive disorder. Recently it has been discovered that Internet addiction is associated with certain brain lesions and dysfunctions. It also aversely affects the part of the brain associated with executive functioning, most notably working memory. Those most likely to be effected by pathological Internet use are people in their teens and early twenties.(Hsu,Chang, Tseng, Chiu, 2014).

The database I used for this information was “ClinicalKey”.

References
Hsu, W, Lin, S, Chang, S, Tseng, Y and Chiu, N, 2014‘ Examining the diagnostic criteria for Internet addiction: Expert validation’. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, N.P, Australia Clinical Key, Viewed 19 August 2014.

What are IT engineers thinking about surveillance cameras?

Currently IT engineers are looking to develop surveillance cameras further, after recognizing the importance they will play in the protection of assets (Wang, 2013). Areas they are looking to improve are thermal imaging and facial recognition. They believe these advances can act as a deterrent for crimes. An interesting aspect to explore in an essay would be whether the government using these sorts of technologies would encroach on our civil liberties.

The database I used for this information was “Science Direct”

References
Wang, X, Intelligent multi-camera video surveillance: A review, Pattern Recognition Letters, Volume 34, Issue 1, 1 January 2013, Pages 3-19,

Papers that that would be useful for this subject are
Weber, K. 2006, “Privacy invasions: New technology that can identify anyone anywhere challenges how we balance individuals’ privacy against public goals”, EMBO reports, vol. 7, pp. S36-9.
O’Rourke, A. 2005, The Right to Privacy, Control Publications Pty Ltd, Victoria.
IVy, K. 2002, “CTRL SPACE]: Rhetorics of Surveillance from Bentham to Big Brother”, Library Journal, vol. 127, no. 19, pp. 67.


Week Two

I have been using new communication technologies to communicate with my friends since primary school. These were before the days when my parents would trust me to keep a mobile phone, so instead I was using instant messenger on the computer. As soon as school finished I would rush home and start talking to my friends about the days events. As I got older my methods of communicating with friends and family started to change. Strangely enough, it was my mum who made me create a Facebook account. I have a lot of relatives who live in the UK and she wanted me to stay in contact with them.

Because I use Facebook primarily to communicate, one of my main concerns is privacy. The price you pay is not monetary but agreeing to have your information sold to third parties. I operate under the assumption that I have nothing to hide so it doesn’t really matter but every now and then Facebook will ask me to disclose information that just seems creepy. For example, when was your first kiss? Most of my friends don’t know that so why would I want to tell Facebook.

The amount of private information I’m sharing on Facebook can at times be quite unnerving. An option for monitoring this is to go to graph.facebook/markzuckerberg, but replace Zuckerberg’s name with your own (Costa, 2010). With the current legislation the Australian government is trying to implement regarding Meta data, it seems that privacy concerns are only going to increase for the public.

References

Costa, D 2010, ‘Facebook: Privacy Enemy Number One?’, PC Magazine, 29, 7, p. 1, Australia/New Zealand Reference Centre, EBSCOhost, viewed 19 August 2014.


Week Two. Privacy Matters

This video is interesting because it explores our privacy on the internet. It details how we are being tracked on the internet and provides an answer for those who find this practice invasive.

I enjoyed this video because I liked the idea that we don’t have to be passive and we can take actions to protect are privacy.


Week One

Hello internet!

My name is Joel Gill, I  am 20 years old and I love boxing but my favourite thing in the world is napping. I currently have no career goals and am just enjoying being a student. New communication technologies is compulsory for my course but it also seems pretty interesting.

My favourite digital technology would have to be my laptop. It is hard to imagine a week without. I can’t imagine attempting to function without it. Studies have even shown that in the case of disadvantaged students, laptops provide a tool for these students to engage in difficult learning material future. Outperforming classes that don’t have these tools.(Mouzaa,2014)

References
Mouza, C, 2014, ‘Learning with Laptops’ , Journal of Research Technology in Education